20 Smallest Countries in the World by its Area

Globetrotters love exploring several countries and experience new things at every place. However, it is tough for globetrotters to explore an entire country. After all, exploring a country means it will take a lot of time and money, and there are hardly a few people in the world who have such patience and expense to enjoy a country tour. But in this big world and one of the biggest planets, we have some tiny countries that people can explore not in a month, but in a day itself. You must be thinking is it sarcasm or a joke, well it is neither sarcasm, not a joke. There are few countries in the world, which are very small in size or by area. If you are excited and want to explore such tiny or small in size countries. Don’t worry about making a list of it, we are here to make your work easier for you. In this blog, we are trying to cover approx. countries and you can choose the best countries to explore on your upcoming tour. So, go for it. 

1. Vatican City:

Located in Europe and known as Vatican City, it is the smallest nation in the world and covers an area of 0.44 square kilometers. The country is known as the Vatican and became independent from Italy with the Lateran Treaty. With an area of 44 ha, Vatican has a population of about 825, people, even though the country has a great put of Christianity and hence there is a biggest cultural site of St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museums. Both these attractions of the place hold a special value in the heart of their citizens. It is also popular as Rome’s most famous and impressive destination and the UNESCO world heritage site welcomes millions of visitors every year. The country is a heaven for book lovers and visitors can pay a visit to the library featuring the largest archive of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew texts. Travelers can explore the entire country in a day or so, while exploring the country, make sure to visit the major attractions of the place and enjoy the tour to the fullest. 

Area: 0.44 square kilometers

Places to Visit: St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museums.

2. Monaco:

Monaco is also a country in Europe, it stands in the second position in the world for being the smallest country in the world. With an area of 2.1 km2 (0.81 sq. mi), it is the second smallest sovereign state in the world. Though it is small in size it has 19,009 inhabitants per square kilometer (49,230/sq. mi) make it the most densely populated sovereign state in the world. It is widely popular as one of the most expensive and wealthiest places in the world. It is believed that most of the wealth is enhanced due to luxurious resorts and hotels that offer incredible luxurious service to visitors. The luxury and brilliant service at every corner will make you amazed. While exploring this country visit its fantastic attractions including the Casino de Monte-Carlo, Prince’s Palace of Monaco, Les Jardins Saint-Martin, etc. These attractions are truly brilliant and one must get it captured to cherish its long life.

Area: 2.1 km2 (0.81 sq mi)

Places to Visit: Casino de Monte-Carlo, Prince’s Palace of Monaco, Les Jardins Saint-Martin, etc.

3. Nauru:

Nauru is a small island country, located in Micronesia which comes from the Northeast of Australia. Formerly known as Pleasant Island, it covers a total area of 21 KM2. Settled by the people of Micronesia and Polynesia, it was annexed and claimed as a colony by the German Empire in the late 19th century. Most of the residents are indigenous Nauruans, however, there is a small number of I-Kiribati (Gilbertese), Australians, New Zealanders, Chinese, and Tuvaluans. The blessed beauty of the country including coral reefs and white powder sandy beaches lined with palm trees and great tropical vegetation makes it one of the beautiful places to visit and spend time. Agriculture, fishing, manufacturing, and tourism are of minor value to the overall economy. The major attractions of this island country are Anibare Bay, Buada Lagoon, Command Ridge, etc. Apart from sightseeing, visitors can also get indulge in fishing, snorkeling, and scuba diving. The experience at this place will be incredible and vacationers must plan for it. 

Area: 21 km2

Places to Visit: Anibare Bay, Buada Lagoon, Command Ridge, etc.

4. Tuvalu:

Tuvalu is an island country located in the Polynesian sub region of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean. It is formerly known as Ellice Islands and covers a total area of 26 km2 (10 sq. mi). The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians, and by the 2017 census, the total population of the country is around 11,646. Being an island country, Tuvaluans has westernized their lifestyle to a great extent and but there are very few Western-style amenities. Tuvaluans carry their traditional music and dancing on special occasions along with western forms. Some of the great sightseeing attractions that win the heart of travelers including Fongafale, Vaitupu, Niutao, Nanumea, Nui, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae. The beauty of these places makes Tuvalu a wonderful place to enjoy and have fun. Vacationers must plan for it.

Area: 26 km2 (10 sq mi)

Places to Visit: Fongafale, Vaitupu, Niutao, Nanumea, Nui, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae.

5. San Marino:

San Marino is also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino and is also known as the small state in Southern Europe. It is located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains and covers an area of 61 km2 (24 sq mi). The economy of the country is based on finance, industry, services, and tourism. Thus, it welcomes vacationers from all over the world and compels them to have a fantastic time. San Marino is the world’s oldest republic and Europe’s third smallest state. But it offers spectacular views of the surrounding countryside. San Marino also becomes part of the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2008. The major attractions of the country that visitors must explore on their tour include Monte Tiano, Guaita tower, Palazzo Pubblico, Montale, etc. While exploring San Marino, vacationers can easily found Limoncello, a lemon liquor, local beer (very tasty), local wine, and Italian Coffee. 

Area: 61 km2 (24 sq mi)

Places to Visit: Monte Tiano, Guaita tower, Palazzo Pubblico, Montale, etc. 

6. Liechtenstein:

Liechtenstein is a German-Speaking tiny country, located between the Alps, Austria, and Switzerland. It is popularly known for its medieval castles, alpine landscapes, and villages linked by a network of trails. It is spread into 160 km2 and by visiting here you will get to know that it is still being ruled by the Prince and you can see how beautifully it is managed by the prince. And Vaduz Castle, overlooking the capital, is home to the Prince of Liechtenstein. Even after having limited natural sources, it is one of the few countries in the world with more registered companies than citizens. It is managed in such a way that it also boasts a financial service sector as well as a living standard. Some of the major attractions visitors can explore include Vaduz castle, Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Burg Gutenberg, Liechtenstein National Museum, St. Florin Cathedral, Fürstensteig, etc. 

Area: 160 km2 

Places to Visit: Vaduz castle, Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Burg Gutenberg, Liechtenstein National Museum, St. Florin Cathedral, Fürstensteig, etc.

7. Marshall Islands:

Officially known as the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Marshall Islands is an island country located near the Pacific Ocean. Geographically it is part of the larger island group of Micronesia and is spread into 181 km2. The population of the country is 58,413 people and is spread out over 29 coral atolls, comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets. Though the population of the country is not much, the population follows a proud culture known as “Manit”. It revolves around family, co-operation, and warm hospitality, however, some Marshallese have American, German, or Japanese ancestry in addition to their own indigenous culture. The major attractions of the Islands include Arno Atoll, Ebeye, Bikini, Mili Atoll, Roi-Namur, Likiep Atoll, etc. Vacationers will have an awesome experience at each of these places. While exploring these attractions, you will have immense fun for sure. 

Area: 181 km2

Places to Visit: Arno Atoll, Ebeye, Bikini, Mili Atoll, Roi-Namur, Likiep Atoll, etc.

8. Saint Kitts and Nevis:

Saint Kitts and Nevis is an island country, located in the West Indies. It is also called Saint Christopher and Nevis. The two volcanic islands are separated by 3 km. a wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; however, the Nevis Peak sits in the center and its ball shape complements that of its sister island. It is among the first islands in the Caribbean to be colonized by Europeans. It covers an area of 261 km2 (101 sq mi) and has a total population of 52,441 (estimated data of 2018). The country follows its main religious denominations are Anglican and Methodist, with a smaller number of Roman Catholics. This land comprises amazing and beautiful attractions including the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park, Frigate Bay, Mount Liamuiga, South Friars Bay, Nevis Peak, etc. The experience of exploring these attractions certainly wins the heart of travelers and compels them to enjoy it to the fullest. 

Area: 261 km2

Places to Visit: Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park, Frigate Bay, Mount Liamuiga, South Friars Bay, Nevis Peak, etc.

9. Maldives:

The very popular Maldives is one of the small countries of Asia not only in terms of population but by area as well. It is spread into 300 km2 and attracts thousands of vacationers every year. The island has over 1,192 coral islands sprawling over 90,000 sq. km and it enables visitors to explore it to the fullest. The Maldives has a tropical monsoon climate and it is affected by the large landmass of South Asia to the north. Two seasons dominate Maldives’ weather: one is the dry season connected with the winter northeastern monsoon and the second is the rainy season associated with the southwest monsoon which brings strong winds and storms. As the Maldives is ruled by several rulers of Dutch, Britain, and Portuguese, it has grown itself beautifully and become the international tourism point. Being the tourism circuit, here visitors can enjoy thoroughly in between the Malé Atoll, Sun Island, Banana Reef, Alimatha Island, Artificial Beach, HP Reef, Fihalhohi Island, Utheemu Ganduvaru, Biyadhoo Island, etc. 

Area: 300 km2

Places to Visit: Malé Atoll, Sun Island, Banana Reef, Alimatha Island, Artificial Beach, HP Reef, Fihalhohi Island, Utheemu Ganduvaru, Biyadhoo Island, etc. 

10. Malta:

Malta is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It is officially known as the Republic of Malta. It covers an area of 316 km2 and has a population of about 515,000. Being the world’s tenth smallest country in area, Malta welcomes vacationers across the globe. The perfect weather conditions to visit Malta are spring and autumn, and however, in the summer season, the residents enjoy religious festivals and outdoor concerts. Apart from religious festivals, visitors can enjoy an array of hilltop towns, peaceful seaports, colorful old fishing villages, and natural attractions. However, the capital of Valletta is an ideal base to explore the Island of Malta. It also visitors to explore the most amazing places of Malta including Valletta, the idyllic island of Gozo, The Medieval Hilltop Town of Mdina, Historical Attractions in Rabat, etc. The experience of this sightseeing will give immense pleasure to visitors. So, plan your travel now. 

Area: 316 km2

Places to Visit: Valletta, the idyllic island of Gozo, The Medieval Hilltop Town of Mdina, Historical Attractions in Rabat, etc.

11. Grenada:

Grenada is one of the tiny islands in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea. Spread into 344 km2, this beautiful island country is widely popular as “Spice Isle”. While exploring this island, vacationers will get to know that Grenada National Museum in St. George’s is keen on archaeology and history and houses the Grenada Historical Society. And there are two Grenadian artists, Elinus Cato and Canute Caliste, who have achieved international recognition for their primitive-style paintings. The country also publishes several weekly newspapers along with broadcasting radio and television shows. The country is also a wonderful land for nutmeg plantations, natural wonders, astonishing landscapes, and colorful homes that steals the heart of visitors and compels them to enjoy it to the fullest. Some of the beautiful places visitors can explore here include Grand Anse Beach, Underwater Sculpture Park, Fort Frederick, Spice Tours & Tastings, etc. Apart from sightseeing, vacationers can also enjoy water sports adventures including scuba and snorkeling. 

Area: 344 km2

Places to Visit: Grand Anse Beach, Underwater Sculpture Park, Fort Frederick, Spice Tours & Tastings, etc.

12: Saint Vincent and The Grenadines:

Located in the Caribbean, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is again an island country and it is commonly known as Saint Vincent. It covers an area of 369 km2 and has a chain of 32 smaller islands. The cultural life of the country is simple, but they celebrate the carnival as a major cultural event. The nine mornings festival takes place in Kingstown during the nine mornings preceding Christmas, however traditionally it comprises early-morning Street parades go along with caroling, bicycle races, and other festivities, the focus now in Kingstown is early-morning street concerts. So, vacationers can plan to enjoy this festivity and become a part of it. Apart from the cultural event, vacationers can enjoy wonderful beaches and comfortable weather which become easier for vacationers to enjoy the tour to the fullest. While exploring the island, visitors can also enjoy volcanic mountains. Apart from natural loveliness, visitors can also enjoy sports activities including diving and snorkeling, so enjoy it thoroughly. 

Area: 389 km2

Places to Visit: Bequia, Tobago Cays, Petit St. Vincent, Palm Island, Salt Whistle Bay, etc. 

13. Antigua and Barbuda:

Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the Americas, and lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises two major islands including Antigua and Barbuda, which is further divided by 63 km (39 mi), and smaller islands. The majority of the population is of African descent and the language they speak in English. Once, Agriculture was the major mainstay of the economy, however, it is supplanted by tourism. The reason people love visiting Antigua is because of some great reasons including its beautiful white sand beaches, sailing, the 18th century Nelson’s Dockyard, its culinary delicacies. On the visit to Antigua, vacationers will enjoy different beaches, beautiful landscapes, tranquility, wildlife preserves, fine dining, modern accommodation options, etc. Each of these options makes the visit to Antigua and Barbuda perfect for vacations. 

Area: 442 km2

Places to Visit: Half Moon Bay, Stingray City, 17-mile beach, Dickenson Bay, St. John’s, Museum of Antigua and Barbuda

14. Seychelles:

During the age of colonialism, Seychelles were disputed between France and Great Britain. After a lot of struggle, the island got independence in 1976 but didn’t occur until 1993. However, these things don’t hamper the tourism of the country and thus Seychelles Island welcomes vacationers from all across the world. Now vacationers who are waiting for the holiday have a lot of things to explore and enjoy including the bright sun, cool sea, and shiny sand. With all these blessed beauties, vacationers have a lot of things to do. Some of the major attractions of the island country are Anse Lazio, Praslin, Anse Intendance, Mahé, Baie Lazare, Mahé, La Digue Island, Curieuse Island Day Trip, etc. Vacationers can also enjoy some the sports like snorkeling, surfing, sailing, diving, etc. Apart from fun activities and breathtaking experiences, the island also offers vacationers to visit its temples. They are not only interesting or decorated beautifully, however, but the ceremonies of the temple are also interesting to see. Visitors are allowed to click the pictures, but make sure to remove the footwear and avoid loud talking. 

Area: 459 km2

Places to Visit: Anse Lazio, Praslin, Anse Intendance, Mahé, Baie Lazare, Mahé, La Digue Island, Curieuse Island Day Trip, etc.

15. Andorra:

Andorra is a sovereign surrounded by land on the Iberian Peninsula, and bordered by France and Spain. It is also known as the sixth smallest state in Europe with an area of 468 square kilometers (181 sq mi). The total population of Andorra is approximately 77,006. It is a perfect destination for those who are looking for summer break. Here, visitors can enjoy an idyllic music festival setting 1800 m above sea level. Even being a small country in the world, it offers so much and it is not less than any other big country in the world. Here visitors can enjoy the trail, experience the culture, mountain cooking, outdoor adventure including pedal cycling. Some of the brilliant attractions vacationers can visit here are The Capital City: Andorra la Vella, La Casa de la Vall, Winter Wonderland: Vallnord, Sant Joan de Caselles Church, caldera, Postal museum, etc. While enjoying the tour, vacationers can also enjoy ski on renowned pistes. Each of these experiences will win the heart of vacationers for sure. The country also assures vacationers to provide brilliant accommodation. 

Area: 468 Km2

Places to Visit: The Capital City: Andorra la Vella, La Casa de la Vall, Winter Wonderland: Vallnord, Sant Joan de Caselles Church, caldera, Postal museum, etc. 

16: Singapore:

Located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore city-state lies at the north of the Equator and spread into 728 km2. It is one of the largest ports in Southeast Asia and is known for being the busiest one in the world. Due to ethnic diversity, it has four official languages including English, Mandarin Chinese, Malay, and Tamil. However, English is being used as the main medium for administration, commerce, and industry, and schools. Being urbanized it has a high population density but it also has been a regional leader in population control. It is one of the popular tourist destinations in the world and people love to enjoy visiting it. Some of the amazing attractions visitors will enjoy visiting Singapore includes Marina bay sands, gardens by the bay, Sentosa, merlion, universal studio, night safari, marina bay, Singapore flyer, etc. The experience of each of these attractions is so amazing that you will love to visit it again and again. 

Area: 728 km2

Places to Visit: Marina bay sands, gardens by the bay, Sentosa, merlion, universal studio, night safari, marina bay, Singapore flyer, etc.

17. Tonga:

Tonga is also known as “Friendly Islands”, the country in the Southwestern Pacific Ocean. Tonga is also an archipelago of 170 islands, which is further divided into three main island groups: Tongatapu in the south, Haʿapai in the center, and Vavaʿu in the north. It covers an area of 750 square kilometers (290 sq mi). The entire country influences Polynesian ancestry and it is related to Samoans and other Polynesians in culture and language as well as in genetic heritage. As religion in Tonga is very important therefore Tongan society, and most Tongan families are members of a Christian church. When it comes to language Togan is the primary and official language of Tonga, however, English is being taught in the school as a second language. Now from a tourism perspective, Tonga again stands in a great position. Here visitors can experience a lot of things Watch or swim with the whales, Experience the Mapu ‘A Vaea blowholes, Explore Anahulu Cave, sunset at Ha’atafu Beach, See the fishing pigs, etc. Each of these experiences of Tonga will win the heart of visitors.

Area: 750 km2

Places to Visit: Fafa Island, Pangaimotu Island, Anahulu cave, Uoleva, Royal Place, Hunga Tonga, Ha’atafu Beach, etc. 

18. Dominica:

Dominica is an island country located in the Caribbean. It covers an area of 750 km2 (290 sq mi) and has a total population of 71,293. The small island country has been nicknamed for its natural environment i.e. “Nature Isle of the Caribbean”. The country is made up of volcanic formation and has several active volcanoes. The cultural life of Dominica is based on its linguistic legacy and the proximity of Martinique and Guadeloupe, and Dominica’s French-influenced creole. It is also known as a good place for agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Visitors can enjoy an unspoiled, lush landscape and several sports activities like beaches, snorkeling, scuba diving, canoeing, and kayaking. Apart from sports, visitors can visit many attractions including Trafalgar Falls, Boiling Lake, Papillote tropical garden, Dominica beaches, Fort Shirley, Emerald pool nature trail, etc. Vacationers must plan their travel in the month of October to January as it is the best time to travel. 

Area: 750 km2

Places to Visit: Trafalgar Falls, Boiling Lake, Papillote tropical garden, Dominica beaches, Fort Shirley, Emerald pool nature trail, etc.

19. Luxembourg:

Even being a small country, Luxembourg welcomes visitors from all over the world. It is known as one of the most beautiful places that visitors can’t miss visiting it. It is spread into an area of 2586 km2 and has a population of 474,413. The country has the religion of 87% Roman Catholic, and the remaining are Protestants, Jews, and Muslims. It is a multilingual country wherein German and French are widely speaking the language and is used for official purposes as well. The country is influenced by German and Central European cooking, therefore most of the traditional dishes are based on pork and potatoes. Luxembourg has some breweries and wines including Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Rivaner, Bofferding, Battin, and Mousel. While enjoying the local things of Luxembourg, here are some of the popular attractions that vacationers must explore to the fullest and have fun such as the old town of Luxembourg, Bock Casemates, Museum of Abbey Echternach, Notre Dame Cathedral, etc. The experience of each of these places will win your heart for sure. 

Area: 2586 km2

Places to Visit: the old town of Luxembourg, Bock Casemates, Museum of Abbey Echternach, Notre Dame Cathedral, etc.

20. Fiji:

The Republic of Fiji, commonly known as Fiji is an Island Country located in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. It covers a total area of 18,300 square kilometers (7,100 sq mi) and consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which about 110 are permanently inhabited. It is believed that the majority of Fiji’s islands were formed by volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. By having mixed diversity and social customs, we contribute to a rich cultural heritage. However, the Indians of Fiji continue to maintain their own culture. While visiting Fiji, visitors will enjoy the “traditional” Fijian culture, music, and dancing and make an important contribution to tourism; model villages, and handicraft markets that are popular for tourists. Apart from being part of traditional practices, there are some brilliant sports and recreation that can be divided into pursuits usually enjoyed by the local people and activities. Thus, the visit to Fiji will be quite enjoyable and amazing. Some of the major attractions of Fiji that vacationers can’t miss includes Mamanuca Islands, Garden of the Sleeping Giant, Qalito Island, Fiji’s museum, Malolo, Monuriki, Mana Island, Tokoriki, etc. 

Area: 18,300 square kilometers

Places to Visit: Mamanuca Islands, Garden of the Sleeping Giant, Qalito Island, Fiji’s museum, Malolo, Monuriki, Mana Island, Tokoriki, etc.

Now, globetrotters who are planning to explore the entire country within a short period or beginners can start their exploration with these 20 tiny countries of the world. Each of these countries has its charm, value, importance, and pleasure, so no one can deny the fact that they are truly a gem. With most of the important information, we have emerged with this blog, plan your travel to the most exciting country of the world and enjoy your travel checklist and make it one of the most wonderful experiences you can have ever in your life. 

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